//How Kamala Harris’s Tax Returns Compares to Those of Other Candidates

How Kamala Harris’s Tax Returns Compares to Those of Other Candidates

Senator Kamala Harris of California disclosed 15 years of tax returns on Sunday, providing a detailed picture of her finances. Several other Democratic presidential candidates have also released years of returns, and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont has pledged to release 10 years of returns by Monday.

How Their Incomes Compare

Adjusted gross income Effective tax rate
Kamala Harris $1,889,156 37%
Elizabeth Warren $846,394 27%
Amy Klobuchar $299,446 21%
Kirsten Gillibrand $214,083 14%
Jay Inslee $202,912 15%

Notes: Income figures are in 2018 dollars and are from 2018 federal tax returns, except for Ms. Klobuchar’s, which is from 2017. All of the most recent returns used the status “married filing jointly.” Effective tax rate is calculated by dividing the total tax by adjusted gross income.

By allowing the public to see their taxes, the Democratic candidates are creating a contrast with President Trump, who defied tradition by refusing to disclose his taxes when he ran for president in 2016. This month, House Democrats requested Mr. Trump’s tax returns, bringing more attention to the issue.

The tax returns disclosed by the Democratic candidates show their salaries from government positions, such as serving as a governor or senator, as well as other income, including from investments and writing books.

The returns showed that in recent years, they earned substantially more than a vast majority of American households.

Kamala Harris

Adjusted gross income in 2018


Filing status

Married filing jointly

Before 2014, Ms. Harris’s filing status was single.

Elizabeth Warren

Adjusted gross income in 2018


Filing status

Married filing jointly

Amy Klobuchar

Adjusted gross income in 2017


Filing status

Married filing jointly

Kirsten Gillibrand

Adjusted gross income in 2018


Filing status

Married filing jointly

Jay Inslee

Adjusted gross income in 2018



Top 10 percent

Filing status

Married filing jointly

Note: The charts show adjusted gross incomes in 2018 dollars. Percentiles are based on data from 2016 adjusted to 2018 dollars.

Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts has disclosed earning more than $3 million from her books since 2013, her first year in the Senate. Her income spiked in 2014, the year that her memoir, “A Fighting Chance,” was published and her book income topped $1 million.

Other book deals also show up in the tax returns. Ms. Harris reported receiving about $733,000 last year for her memoir, “The Truths We Hold,” though she also listed paying about $412,000 in “commissions and fees,” leaving her with a profit of about $320,000.

The income of Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York jumped in 2014 when her memoir, “Off the Sidelines,” was published. She reported receiving $275,000 that year for her work as a writer, though she also listed paying a $110,000 “book collaboration fee” and other expenses. Her profit was about $134,000.

Writing a memoir was not as lucrative for Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota. In 2015, she was paid $75,000 for her book, “The Senator Next Door.”

For the candidates who are married and file jointly, the returns show income from their spouses, which can be significant.

The annual income listed on Ms. Harris’s tax returns shot up after she married Douglas C. Emhoff, a lawyer, in 2014 and began filing jointly with him. Mr. Emhoff, who is now a partner at the law firm DLA Piper, had roughly $1.6 million in income last year from DLA Piper and his prior law firm, Venable.

The tax returns also show how much the candidates donated to charity. Their donations last year ranged from $3,750 from Ms. Gillibrand and her husband to about $50,000 from Ms. Warren and her husband.

For Ms. Gillibrand and her husband, the donations amounted to 1.8 percent of their income; for Ms. Warren and her husband, their contributions equaled 5.9 percent of their income.

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